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2) Belief that Allah (swt) has given the Prophet (saww) and Imams (as) the authority of creation (khalq) and sustenance (rizq)

Belief that Allah (swt) has given the Prophet (saww) and Imams (as) the authority of creation (khalq) and sustenance (rizq)

(please note that this is a chapter from the book “Ghuluw” which can be downloaded from the “PDF Download Files” section.)

(For a better understanding, start from the first blog (Definition and condemnation….))

It should be noted that people who called the Imams (as) God or gave them Godly attributes were called Ghali/Ghulat, and those who believed that Allah (swt) has delegated (Tafweed) the affair of creation and sustenance to the Ahlulbayt (as) were called “Mufawweda”. These groups were active during the lives of many Imams (as), and were condemned and cursed by the Imams (as). Here we will quote just some out of the many such narrations.

(a) First we quote from the book “Al Etiqadat” of Sheikh al Saduq, which he wrote about the correct beliefs of the Shia. It should be kept in mind that Sheikh al Saduq was indisputably one of the greatest scholars of the Shia, and his books lay the foundation of Shia faith.

Sheikh Abu Ja’far (Saduq) says: Our belief concerning the “Ghulat” and “Mufawweda” is that they are “Kuffar” (deniers) of Allah (swt). They are more wicked than the Jews and Christians, Fire worshippers, the Qadarites or the Kharijites or any of the innovators (Ahlul Bidat) or those who hold views that lead astray….
Pic Reference: Al Eteqadat, Arabic text, Ch 37 “Chapter of belief concerning denial of Ghuluw and Tafweed”

 

(b) Further under the same chapter Sheikh Saduq quotes a hadith from Imam al Ridha (as).

And Imam `Ali ar-Rida (as), used to say in his prayer:
O God, I seek absolution from Thee in respect of Thy Strength and Power. There is neither strength nor power save in Thee.
O God, I declare myself before Thee as having nothing to do with those who assert in respect of us things which we ourselves do not know.
O God, to Thee belongs creation and Thou possesses the power of command; “Thee (alone) do we worship and from Thee do we seek help”.
O God, Thou art our Creator, and the Creator of our ancestors, near and remote.
O God, none deserves lordship save Thee; and divinity befits none except to Thee. So do Thou curse the Christians who belittled Thy greatness, and do Thou curse those who declare Thee to resemble Thy Creature.
O God, verily we are Thy slaves and the sons of Thy slaves. We have no power over ourselves in respect of profit, loss, death, life or resurrection (nushur).
O God, he who asserts that we (the Imams) have the power of creation and providing (for mankind), we (Imams) seek absolution from Thee in respect of him, an absolution similar to that of Jesus, son of Mary, in respect of the Christians.
O God, we have never called upon them to assert what they do assert; so do not punish us for what they say and forgive us for what they allege.

“My Lord! leave not one of the disbelievers in the land”(71:26).
“If Thou shouldst leave them. they will mislead Thy slaves and will beget none save lewd ingrates”(71:27)

 

(c) He quotes another hadith from Imam as Sadiq (as).

And it is related from Zurara that he said: I said to Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq that a man from among the descendants of Abdu’l-lah ibn Saba’ is a believer in (the doctrine of) delegation (tafwid). And he said: And what is tafwid? I (Zurara) said: According to him Allah (swt), (in the first instance) created Muhammad and ‘Ali, and then delegated the matter (of creation) to them, and these two created and gave sustenance, and caused life and death. The Imam said: He, the enemy of Allah, has lied. When you return to him recite to him the verse of the Chapter of The Thunder (Ra’ad ch 13): “Or assign they unto Allah partners who created the like of His creation so that the creation (which they made and His creation) seemed alike to them? Say: Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the One, the Almighty” (13:16). Then I went to the man and informed him of what Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq had said: And he became as if I had forced him to swallow stones or as though he were struck dumb.

Pic Reference: Al Eteqadat, Arabic text, Ch 37 “Chapter of belief concerning denial of Ghuluw and Tafweed”

 

(d) Now we quote from the book “Uyun Akhbar al Ridha” which is also an early book of hadith written by Sheikh al Saduq, in which he compiles the narrations from/about Imam al Ridha (as).

In Vol 2, chapter 46, Hadith 3

Muhammad ibn Ali Majilawayh narrated that Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashem quoted on the authority of his father, on the authority of Yasir, the servant: I asked Al-Ridha (as), “What do you think about turning over the affairs (Tafweed)? He (as) answered, “Allah (swt) has turned over the affairs of His Religion to His Prophet (saww) and said, “…So take what the Apostle assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you..” (59:7). God, however, will not turn over the affairs of Creation and provision of the sustenance to the Prophet (saww).”
Then Al-Ridha (as) added, “In fact, the Honorable the Exalted God said, ‘…Allah is the Creator of all things…’ (39:62)
God also said, ‘It is Allah Who has created you: further, He has provided for your sustenance; then He will cause you to die; and again He will give you life. Are there any of your (false) ‘partners’ who can do any single one of these things? Glory be to Him! and high is He above the partners they attribute (to him)!’” (30:40)

(e) In the very next narration, i.e, ch 46, Hadith 4

Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abi Bashshar – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Abul Faraj al-Mudhaffar ibn Ahmad ibn AlHassan al-Qazvini quoted on the authority of Al-Abbas ibn Muhammad ibn Qasim ibn Hamza ibn Musa ibn Ja’far (s), on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Sahl al-Qummi, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Khalid, on the authority of Abi Hashem al-Ja’fari that he had asked  Abal Hassan Al-Reza (s) about the “Ghulat” and those who believed in (God) turning over the affairs (Tafweed). The Imam (s) replied, “The Ghulat are unbelievers (Kuffar) and those who believe in (God) turning over the affairs (to the Prophet (saww) and Ahlulbayt (as)) (i.e tafweed) are polytheists. Whoever associates with them; visits them; eats or drinks with them; becomes related to them; gives a daughter in marriage to or marries with one of their daughters; grants them immunity; considers them honest in keeping what they are entrusted with; or acknowledges what they say or assists them in what they say has exited from the circle of the Mastery of the Honorable the Exalted God, the Mastery of God’s Prophet (s) and the Mastery of us – the Members of the Holy Household.”

Pic Reference: Uyun Akhbar al Ridha, Arabic text, Ch 46, Hadith 3 and 4

 

(f) Same narration is quoted in Bihar al Anwar, Volume 25, of Allama al Majlisi.

……Abi Hashem al-Ja’fari that he had asked  Abal Hassan Al-Reza (s) about the “Ghulat” and those who believed in (God) turning over the affairs (Tafweed). The Imam (s) replied, “The Ghulat are unbelievers (Kuffar) and those who believe in (God) turning over the affairs (to the Prophet (saww) and Ahlulbayt (as)) (i.e tafweed) are polytheists. Whoever associates with them; visits them; eats or drinks with them; becomes related to them; gives a daughter in marriage to or marries with one of their daughters; grants them immunity; considers them honest in keeping what they are entrusted with; or acknowledges what they say or assists them in what they say has exited from the circle of the Mastery of the Honorable the Exalted God, the Mastery of God’s Prophet (s) and the Mastery of us – the Members of the Holy Household.”


Pic Reference: Bihar al Anwar,vol 25, Arabic text, Ch Rejection of Ghuluw, Hadith 19

 

(g) In the book “Al Ehtijaj”, is a narration from Imam Zamana (atfs) about the Ghulat (exaggerators).

The Imam (as) says: “O Muhammad ibn Ali (al Karkhi), Allah (swt) is much higher, greater, purer and worthy of praise than everything else. Undoubtedly, we (Imams (as)) are not just, not equal to Allah (swt) in His knowledge, and His power, but no one has the knowledge of the unseen (Ilm al ghayb) except Allah (swt) as He says in his book (Quran) “Say (O Prophet), “None in the heavens and earth knows the unseen except Allah…” (27:65).
I (as) and all the forefathers of the previous Imams (as), be it Adam (as), or Ibrahim (as), or Musa (as), and all other Prophets (as), and the last Prophet, Muhammad (saww), and Imam Ali (as) and all other Imams (as) till the end of my age and till the end of time will always be servents (abd) of Allah. And Allah (swt) says in His book “And whoever turns away from My remembrance – indeed, he will have a depressed life, and We will gather him on the Day of Resurrection blind. He will say, “My Lord, why have you raised me blind while I was [once] seeing? [ Allah ] will say, “Thus did Our signs come to you, and you forgot them; and thus will you this Day be forgotten.” (20:124-126).

O Muhammad ibn Ali (al Karkhi), our ignorant and stupid shias, and other whose belief (Iman) on the religion is not even equal to that of a mosquito have hurt us. I take Allah (swt) who has no partners as my witness, and even though this is enough as a witness, I also take the Prophet Muhammad (saww) and all the angels and prophets as witness. And I take you and all those who listen to this letter as witness that in front of Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saww) I will disassociate and damn those people who believe that we have the knowledge of unseen, or that we have a share in the kingdom (Mulk) of Allah (swt), and that our station is higher than the station that has been fixed by Allah (swt) which is what I have pointed out in the beginning of the letter. And I warn you that whoever I disassociate myself with, Allah (swt) His angel and all His prophets (as) also dissociate themselves with him, and I leave it upon your neck (O Muhammad ibn Ali) to spread this message and you will not hide it from anyone, so that this message becomes clear for our Shia and our lovers………and whoever gets this message from me and does not act upon it, he will be deserving of the damnation (la’anat) of Allah (swt).”


Pic Reference: Al Ehtijaj, Arabic text, Ch Ehtijaj of Imam al Hujja
Al Ehtijaj hadith imam mahdi on ghulat

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2 responses »

  1. Pingback: List of Posts | Shia Reformist

  2. Again, thanks for sharing what the Aimmah from the Ahlul Bayt themselves said about this. People need to be educated that the ideas of appealing to the Imams for Aid, thinking that they have permission to provide, is fiction. Allah swt never mentioned such a delegation in the Quran. Is that not sufficient? Furthermore, what today is upheld as “Wilayat-e-Takwiniyyah” is essentially the same as Tafweed i.e. Delegation of supernatural affairs. If this was indeed the case that God gave it to them, and wants us to thus appeal to them, why did He not mention it even once? He only mentioned that He does that, and we appeal to Him.

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