8) Lessons on Dua from Ahlulbayt (as)
(please note that this is a chapter from the book “Ghuluw” which can be downloaded from the “PDF Download Files” section.)
(For a better understanding, start from the first blog (Definition and condemnation….))
Dua (supplication) is ‘ibadat (worship):
Everyone, including those who call upon other than Allah (swt), know that ‘ibadat (worship) is only for Allah (swt), and we cannot worship anyone other than Allah (swt).
So if we can prove that Dua is also an ‘ibadat, then it would imply that Dua should also be only directed to Allah (swt) since we know that it not permissible to worship anyone other than Allah (swt), in other words, if we direct our Duas to anyone other than Allah (swt) then we have worshipped them, and that is shirk.
a) الدعاء مخ العبادة
Dua is the brain of worship.
This narration is one accepted by both Shia and Sunni scholars.
b) In the book Uddat ud Daee of Allama Ibn Fahd al Hilli, regarding the verse (40:60) “And your Lord says: Call upon Me, I will answer you; surely those who are too proud for My worship shall soon enter hell abased.”
Hadith 51: Zurarah quotes Imam Baqir (as) as saying:
God says: “those who are too proud for my worship will enter hell abased”, worship here means “Dua” which is the best form of worship.
c) Same thing has been mentioned by Imam Sadiq (as) in Hadith 53
Imam (as) says: “Dua is the same worship that has been mentioned in the Quranic verse “those who are too proud for my worship will enter hell abased”, call upon God and do not say the die is cast (i.e do not say that my destiny has been fixed so supplication is of no use).”
d) In the same book, in Hadith 61 it is mentioned
Muawiya ibn Ammar says: I said to Imam Sadiq (as): Two worshippers begin prayer at the same time. One of them recites more verses from the Quran and the other has more Dua. They complete their prayer at the same time. Which one is more virtuous?
Imam (as) said: “Both are virtuous and good.”
I said that I know both are good but I would like to know which one is better? He (as) said:
“Dua is better. Have you not heard God saying: Call upon me, I will answer you. Those who are too proud for my worship will enter hell abased.”
By God, Dua is a worship. By God Dua is the most profound worship.”
Set your hopes only in Allah (swt):
In the book Uddat ud Daee, in Hadith 342, it is mention
If one of you wishes to be such that whenever he desires something from God, He will fulfill, he should stop setting his hope on people and instead sets his hope only in God. When God finds such a state in someone’s heart, He will fulfill whatever he desires.
Advise of Imam Ali (as):
In Nahjul Balagha, Letter 31 “Advice to one of his sons after returning from the Battle of Siffin” in one place Imam Ali (as) says
وَأَلْجِئْ نَفْسَكَ فِي أُمُورِكَ كُلِّهَا إِلَى إِلهِكَ، فَإِنَّكَ تُلْجِئُهَا إِلَى كَهْف حَرِيز، وَمَانِع عَزِيز. وَأَخْلِصْ فِي الْمَسْأَلَةِ لِرَبِّكَ، فَإِنَّ بِيَدِهِ الْعَطَاءَ وَالْحِرْمَانَ
In all affairs resign yourself to Allah, because you will thus be resigning yourself to a secure shelter and a strong protector. You should ask only from your Lord because in His hand is all the giving and depriving.
In another place in the same letter Imam Ali (as) says
وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ خَزَائِنُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالاْرْضِ قَدْ أَذِنَ لَكَ فِي الدُّعَاءِ، وَتَكَفَّلَ لَكَ بِالاْجَابَةِ، وَأَمَرَكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَهُ لِيُعْطِيَكَ، وَتَسْتَرْحِمَهُ لِيَرْحَمَكَ، وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ مَنْ يَحْجُبُكَ عَنْهُ، وَلَمْ يُلْجِئْكَ إِلَى مَنْ يَشْفَعُ لَكَ إِلَيْهِ، وَلَمْ يَمْنَعْكَ إِنْ أَسَأْتَ مِنَ التَّوْبَةِ
Know that He Who owns the treasuries of the heavens and of the earth has permitted you to pray to Him and has promised you acceptance of the prayer. He has commanded you to beg from Him in order that He may give you and to seek His mercy in order that He may have mercy on you. He has not placed any thing between you and Him that may veil Him from you. He has not required you to get a mediator for you to Him, and if you err, He has not prevented you from repentance.
Further he says
وَفَتَحَ لَكَ بَابَ الْمَتَابِ، وَبَابَ الاْسْتِعْتَابِ; فَإِذَا نَادَيْتَهُ سَمِعَ نَدَاءكَ، وَإِذَا نَاجَيْتَهُ عَلِمَ نَجْوَاكَ، فَأَفْضَيْتَ إِلَيْهِ بِحَاجَتِكَ، وَأَبْثَثْتَهُ ذَاتَ نَفْسِكَ، وَشَكَوْتَ إِلَيْهِ هُمُومَكَ، وَاسْتَكْشَفْتَهُ كُرُوبَكَ، وَاسْتَعَنْتَهُ عَلَى أُمُورِكَ، وَسَأَلْتَهُ مِنْ خَزَائِنِ رَحْمَتِهِ مَا لاَ يَقْدِرُ عَلَى إِعْطَائِهِ غَيْرُهُ، مِنْ زِيَادَةِ الاْعْمَارِ، وَصِحَّةِ الاْبْدَانِ، وَسَعَةِ الاْرْزَاقِ. ثُمَّ جَعَلَ فِي يَدَيْكَ مَفَاتِيحَ خَزَائِنِهِ بِمَا أَذِنَ لَكَ فِيهِ مِنْ مَسْأَلَتِهِ،
He has opened for you the door of repentance. Therefore, whenever you call Him He hears your call, and whenever you whisper to Him He knows the whisper. You place before Him your needs, unveil yourself before Him, complain to Him of your worries, beseech Him to remove your troubles, seek His help in your affairs and ask from the treasuries of His mercy that which no one else has power to give, namely length of life, health of body and increase in sustenance. Then He has placed the keys of His treasuries in your hands in the sense that He has shown you the way to ask Him.
Dua of Fatima (as):
Following Dua has been mentioned in Mafatihul Jinan “Dua of Salat-e-Fatima Zahra (as)”.
يا مَنْ لَيْسَ غَيْرَهُ رُبٌّ يُدْعى، يا مَنْ لَيْسَ فَوْقَهُ اِلهٌ يُخْشى، يا مَنْ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ مَلِكٌ يُتَّقى، يا مَنْ لَيْسَ لَهُ وَزيْرٌ يُؤْتى، يا مَنْ لَيْسَ لَهُ حاجِبٌ يُرْشى، يا مَنْ لَيْسَ لَهُ بَوّابٌ يُغْشى، يا مَنْ لا يَزْدادُ عَلى كَثْرَةِ السُّؤالِ إلاّ كَرَماً وَجُوداً وَعَلى كَثْرَةِ الذُّنُوبِ إلاّ عَفْواً وَصُفْحاً صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّد وَآلِ مُحَمَّد وَافْعَلْ بى كَذا وَكَذا
O He! Besides whom there is no lord to whom to address Du’a (to be Invoked). O He, above whom there is no god to be feared. O He, except whom there is no master to be obeyed. O He, who has no counselor to be approached. O He, who has no attendant to be bribed. O He, who has no doorkeeper to be fooled. O He, who gives generously, liberally irrespective of the demands, and (deals not) with numerous sins but mercifully and kindly. Send blessings upon Muhammad (sawa) and his progeny, and grant my prayers (Du’a, desires)
Dua of Imam Ali ibn Hussain Zainul Abideen (as):
If we read the supplications of Imam Zainul Abideen (as) in Sahifa Sajjadiya, we do not find any supplication addressed to anyone other than Allah (swt). Rather we find supplications that prohibit such an act.
In Dua no. 13 (His Supplication in Seeking Needs from Allah) of Sahifa sajjadiya the Imam (as) says:
فَمَنْ حَاوَلَ سَدَّ خَلَّتِهِ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ
So he who strives to remedy his lack through what is with Thee
وَرَامَ صَرْفَ الْفَقْر عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بِكَ فَقَدْ طَلَبَ حَاجَتَهُ
and wishes to turn poverty away from himself through Thee has sought his need
فِي مَظَانِّها وَأَتَى طَلِبَتَهُ مِنْ وَجْهِهَا
in the most likely place and come to his request from the right quarter.
وَمَنْ تَوَجَّهَ بِحَاجَتِهِ إلَى أَحَد مِنْ خَلْقِكَ أَوْ جَعَلَهُ سَبَبَ نُجْحِهَا
But he who turns in his need toward one of Thy creatures or assigns the cause of its being granted
دُونَكَ فَقَدْ تَعَرَّضَ لِلْحِرْمَانِ
to other than Thee, has exposed himself to deprivation
(Does this not clearly include those who assign the cause of blessing to other than Allah (swt) when they say “Bibi gave us a house, Mola Abbas gave us a son etc”?)
وَاسْتَحَقَّ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ فَوْتَ الاِحْسَانِ
and deserves to miss Thy beneficence.
أللَّهُمَّ وَلِي إلَيْكَ حَاجَةٌ قَـدْ قَصَّرَ عَنْهَـا جُهْدِي
O God, I have a need of Thee: my exertion has fallen short of it
وَتَقَطَّعَتْ دُونَهَا حِيَلِي
and my stratagems have been cut back before reaching it.
وَسَوَّلَتْ لِيْ نَفْسِي رَفْعَهَا إلَى مَنْ يَرْفَعُ حَوَائِجَهُ إلَيْكَ
My soul induced me to present it to him who presents his needs to Thee
وَلاَ يَسْتَغْنِي فِي طَلِبَاتِهِ عَنْكَ
and can do nothing without Thee in his requests,
(Don’t we always say that we are not supplicating to Ahlulbayt (as), we are only presenting our needs to them so that they present our needs to Allah (swt))
وَهِيَ زَلَّةٌ مِنْ زَلَلِ الْخَاطِئِينَ
but this is one the slips of the offenders,
وَعَثْرَةٌ مِنْ عَثَراتِ الْمُذْنِبِينَ
one of the stumbles of the sinners!
ثُمَّ انْتَبَهْتُ بِتَذْكِيرِكَ لِي مِنْ غَفْلَتِي
Then through Thy reminding me, I was aroused from my heedlessness,
وَنَهَضْتُ بِتَوْفِيقِكَ مِنْ زَلَّتِي
through Thy giving success, I stood up from my slip,
وَ رَجَعتُ وَنَكَصْتُ بِتَسْـدِيدِكَ عَنْ عَثْـرَتِي
and through Thy pointing the way, I returned and withdrew from my stumble.
وَقُلْتُ: سُبْحَانَ رَبّي كَيْفَ يَسْأَلُ مُحْتَاجٌ مُحْتَاجـاً
I said: Glory be to my Lord! How can the needy ask from the needy?
وَأَنَّى يَرْغَبُ مُعْدِمٌ إلَى مُعْدِم؟
How can the destitute beseech the destitute?
(Who will reject the fact that the Prophet (saww) and Ahlulbayt (as) despite their lofty status are “destitute” in front of Allah (swt)? So according to this Dua, as destitute cannot beseech another destitute)
فَقَصَدْتُكَ يا إلهِي بِالرَّغْبَةِ
So I went straight to Thee, my God, in beseeching,
Dua Abu Hamza thumali of Imam Zainul Abideen (as):
وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِي انَادِيهِ كُلَّمَا شِئْتُ لِحَاجَتِي
All Praise is for Allah whom I call upon with my needs whenever I wish
وَاخْلُو بِهِ حَيْثُ شِئْتُ لِسِرِّي بِغَيْرِ شَفِيعٍ
and I entrust Him with my secrets without an intercessor
فَيَقْضِي لِي حَاجَتِي
and He grants me my wishes
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِي لاَ ادْعُو غَيْرَهُ
All Praise is for Allah whom I do not plead to anyone but Him
وَلَوْ دَعَوْتُ غَيْرَهُ لَمْ يَسْتَجِبْ لِي دُعَائِي
for if I pleaded to others, they would not grant me
further in the dua he says….
وَقَدْ قَصَدْتُ إِلَيْكَ بِطَلِبَتِي
And I have sought You for my wish
وَتَوَجَّهْتُ إِلَيْكَ بِحَاجَتِي
and directed my need to You
وَجَعَلْتُ بِكَ ٱسْتِغَاثَتِي
and I depend on You for my rescue
Through supplication I seek near to you
He (as) also says…..
يَا مَفْزَعِي عِنْدَ كُرْبَتِي
O the shelter I seek when I am in misfortune
وَيَا غَوْثِي عِنْدَ شِدَّتِي
O my Aid whenever hardships hit me
To You have I resorted
و بك استغثت ولذت
With You have I sought refuge and haven
لا ا لوذ بسواك
To none save You shall I ever resort
ولا اطلب الفرج الا منك
From none save You shall I ever seek for relief
Dua Makaremul Akhlaaq:
اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي أَصُولُ بِكَ عِنْدَ الضَّرُورَةِ، وَ أَسْأَلُكَ عِنْدَ الْحَاجَةِ، وَ أَتَضَرَّعُ إِلَيْكَ عِنْدَ الْمَسْكَنَةِ، وَ لا تَفْتِنِّي بِالِاسْتِعَانَةِ بِغَيْرِكَ إِذَا اضْطُرِرْتُ، وَ لا بِالْخُضُوعِ لِسُؤَالِ غَيْرِكَ إِذَا افْتَقَرْتُ، وَ لا بِالتَّضَرُّعِ إِلَى مَنْ دُونَكَ إِذَا رَهِبْتُ، فَأَسْتَحِقَّ بِذَلِكَ خِذْلانَكَ وَ مَنْعَكَ وَ إِعْرَاضَكَ، يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ
“…Oh Allah! Make me leap to thee in times of distress; ask from thee in times of need, and plea to thee in times of misery. Tempt me not to seek help from other than you when I am distressed, or to humble myself in asking from someone else when I am poor, or to plea with someone less than thee when in state of fear – for then (if I do that) I would deserve Thy abandonment, Thy withholding, and Thy turning away, O Most Merciful of the merciful! …”