FAQ10: Sermon 234 of Nahjul Balagha proves that the Prophet (saww) can hear us after his death and the kind of wasila we use in Dua Tawassul is correct. Because in this sermon Imam Ali (as) while shrouding the Prophet (saww) says “May my father and my mother be your ransom, do remember us (well) when you are in the presence of your Sustainer, and keep us in your mind.”
Nahjul Balagha is not 100% authentic, and its sermons do not have “chain of narrators”, but we do find the chain of narrators for most of its sermons in other books. This sermon has been narrated in the book Amaali Sheikh Mufeed.
Following chain of narrators has been mentioned for this sermon:
Abu Nasr Muhammad b. al-Husain al-Muqri al-Baseer reported to me from Abdullah b. Yahya alQattan, who reported from Ahmad b. al-Husain b. Saeed al- Qarshi, who reported from his father, who reported from al-Husain b. Mukhariq, from Abdul Samad b. Ali, from his father, from Abdullah b. Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him, who said:
All the narrators marked with red are “Majhool”, i.e “unknown”, and Ahmad b. al-Husain b. Saeed al-Qurashi is weak, and has been declared “Ghali” (exaggerator) by many classical scholars and even Ayatullah Khoei in his Mu‟jam Rijal al Hadith.
Therefore the sanad of this sermon is “daeef”, hence it is not proven to be true, therefore we cannot base our belief on this sermon.