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Part 1: 9 things given to Imam Ali (as)

9 things given to Imam Ali (as)

The following narration has been mentioned in Al Khisal of Sheikh Saduq (ra). This is another example of why we need to be cautious with simply picking up books of hadith, and basing our beliefs on random narrations we find in it.

أَبِي رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ زَكَرِيَّا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ عَنْ يَزْدَادَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ‏ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع‏ وَ اللَّهِ لَقَدْ أَعْطَانِي اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى تِسْعَةَ أَشْيَاءَ لَمْ يُعْطِهَا أَحَداً قَبْلِي خَلَا النَّبِيَّ ص لَقَدْ فُتِحَتْ لِي السُّبُلُ وَ عُلِّمْتُ الْأَنْسَابَ وَ أَجْرَى لِي‏ السَّحَابَ وَ عُلِّمْتُ الْمَنَايَا وَ الْبَلَايَا وَ فَصْلَ الْخِطَابِ وَ لَقَدْ نَظَرْتُ فِي الْمَلَكُوتِ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّي فَمَا غَابَ عَنِّي مَا كَانَ قَبْلِي وَ مَا يَأْتِي بَعْدِي وَ إِنَّ بِوَلَايَتِي أَكْمَلَ اللَّهُ لِهَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ دِينَهُمْ وَ أَتَمَّ عَلَيْهِمُ النِّعَمَ وَ رَضِيَ إِسْلَامَهُمْ إِذْ يَقُولُ يَوْمَ الْوَلَايَةِ لِمُحَمَّدٍ ص يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَخْبِرْهُمْ أَنِّي أَكْمَلْتُ لَهُمُ الْيَوْمَ دِينَهُمْ وَ رَضِيتُ لَهُمُ‏ الْإِسْلامَ دِيناً وَ أَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ نِعْمَتِي كُلُّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ مَنِّ اللَّهِ عَلَيَّ فَلَهُ الْحَمْد

Imam Sadiq (as) said that Ameerul Momineen Ali b. Abi Talib (as) said, “I swear by Allah (swt) that Allah (swt) has granted me nine things which He has not granted to anyone before me other than the Prophet (saww):

1) The paths are opened for me.
2) I have been taught the relations/races. 
3) the clouds are set adrift for me.
4) I know about the deaths and the calamities,
5) (I have been granted) decisive speech,
6) And certainly I gaze at the universe with Allah’s Permission, And is not hidden from me what was before Me and what is after me.
7) And through my authority (Wilayat) Allah has perfected the religion of this nation
8) And perfected His Blessings upon them
9) And is satisfied with their religion
As He said on the Day of Wilayat (Ghadeer), ‘O Muhammad! Inform them that today I have perfected their religion and am satisfied with them with Islam as their religion., I have completed my Blessings for them. 

All this is from the blessings of Allah (swt) upon Me and all praise is for Him.

[Source: al-Khisal, Sheikh Sadooq, Vol. 2, Chapter. 9, Hadees. 4]

Let us analyze this narration from two angles, first from its Sanad (chain of narrators) and then it Matn (content).

Sanad Analysis:

The third narrator: أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ (Ahmed bin Husain bin Saeed) is “Daeef” weak.

Najashi says about him (as recorded by Syed Khoei in his Mu’jam Rijal al Hadith):

روى عن جميع شيوخ أبيه، إلاّ حمّاد بن عيسى، فيما زعم أصحابنا القمّيون، وضعّفوه، وقالوا: هو غال، وحديثه يعرف وينكر

(Daeef, Ghali (exaggerator), his narrations are rejected)

Sheikh Tusi says about him (as recorded by Syed Khoei in his Mu’jam Rijal al Hadith):

وعدّه الشيخ في رجاله في من لم يرو عنهم عليهم السلام، وقال (54 : 55): (أحمد بن الحسين بن سعيد، وأحمد بن بشير البرقي، روى عنهما، محمد بن أحمد ابن يحيى، وهما ضعيفان، ذكر ذلك ابن بابويه).

(mentioned among people from whom narrations should not be taken, Daeef, as mentioned by Sheikh Saduq)

The narrator يَزْدَادَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ‏ (Yazin bin Ibrahim) is “Majhool” (unknown), since there is no “Tawtheeq” (authentication) for him from the Ulema of Rijal.

عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا (…on the authority of some companions), Yazid bin Ibrahim narrated from another set of Majhool people.

Therefore this narration is “Daeef” (weak) from the Sanad perspective. In the next part, we will analyze the contents of this Hadith.

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