9 things given to Imam Ali (as)
In part 1 we analyzed the authenticity of this narration based on it Sanad (Chain of narrators). Let us now analyze its Matn (content). This would be a good example to show how the narrations fabricated by exaggerators contradict the Aql and Quran.
Following is the text of the hadith:
أَبِي رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ زَكَرِيَّا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ عَنْ يَزْدَادَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع وَ اللَّهِ لَقَدْ أَعْطَانِي اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى تِسْعَةَ أَشْيَاءَ لَمْ يُعْطِهَا أَحَداً قَبْلِي خَلَا النَّبِيَّ ص لَقَدْ فُتِحَتْ لِي السُّبُلُ وَ عُلِّمْتُ الْأَنْسَابَ وَ أَجْرَى لِيالسَّحَابَ وَ عُلِّمْتُ الْمَنَايَا وَ الْبَلَايَا وَ فَصْلَ الْخِطَابِ وَ لَقَدْ نَظَرْتُ فِي الْمَلَكُوتِ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّي فَمَا غَابَ عَنِّي مَا كَانَ قَبْلِي وَ مَا يَأْتِي بَعْدِي وَ إِنَّ بِوَلَايَتِي أَكْمَلَ اللَّهُ لِهَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ دِينَهُمْ وَ أَتَمَّ عَلَيْهِمُ النِّعَمَ وَ رَضِيَ إِسْلَامَهُمْ إِذْ يَقُولُ يَوْمَ الْوَلَايَةِ لِمُحَمَّدٍ ص يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَخْبِرْهُمْ أَنِّي أَكْمَلْتُ لَهُمُ الْيَوْمَ دِينَهُمْ وَ رَضِيتُ لَهُمُ الْإِسْلامَ دِيناً وَ أَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ نِعْمَتِي كُلُّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ مَنِّ اللَّهِ عَلَيَّ فَلَهُ الْحَمْد
Imam Sadiq (as) said that Ameerul Momineen Ali b. Abi Talib (as) said, “I swear by Allah (swt) that Allah (swt) has granted me nine things which He has not granted to anyone before me other than the Prophet (saww):
1) The paths were opened for me.
2) I was taught the genealogies.
3) The clouds were made to flow/move for me.
4) I know about the deaths and the calamities
5) (I have been granted) decisive speech (Faslul Khitab)
6) And certainly I gaze at the universe with Allah’s Permission, And is not hidden from me what was before Me and what is after me.
7) And through my authority (Wilayat) Allah has perfected the religion of this nation
8) And perfected His Blessings upon them
9) And is satisfied with their religion
As He said on the Day of Wilayat (Ghadeer), ‘O Muhammad! Inform them that today I have perfected their religion and am satisfied with them with Islam as their religion., I have completed my Blessings for them.
All this is from the blessings of Allah (swt) upon Me and all praise is for Him.
(3) The clouds were made to flow/move for me.
Whereupon Amir al-mu’minin laughed and said to the man who belonged to the tribe of Banu Kalb:
O brother of Kalb! This is not knowledge of hidden things (`ilmu’l-ghayb), these matters have been acquired from him (the Prophet) who knew them. As regard knowledge of hidden things, that includes knowledge of the Day of Judgment, and the things covered by Allah in the verse:
“Verily, Allah is He with Whom is the knowledge of the Hour; He sends down the rain, and He knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land it will die..” (Qur’an, 31:34)
contradictions he made with the Quran are such that if you are a dishonest scholar, you
could try to defend them and justify them, by twisting and turning and playing with
Quran clearly states that it (i.e. Faslul Khitaab) was indeed given to a servant of God
who lived a long time before Imam Ali (as).Allah (SWT) Informs us, when speaking of the favors He Bestowed on Prophet Dawood (as).
وَشَدَدْنَا مُلْكَهُ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْحِكْمَةَ وَفَصْلَ الْخِطَابِ
We made his kingdom strong and gave him wisdom and decisive speech (Faslul Khitab).
So Allah (SWT) Clearly Says He Gave “Faslul Khitaab” to Dawood (as), but this
narrator would have us believe that no one was given this quality before Imam Ali
(as), except for the Prophet (SAWW).
telling us in this narration.
narrations, they were very poor and weak in Quran. In fact, I doubt if any of them had
even properly or sincerely read the whole Quran from cover to cover, because if they
had, well, they probably wouldn’t be Ghulaat in the first place.
them against the verses of the Quran, and only accept those which fully agree with the
Quran, and do not contradict it in any way, shape or form. It seems like the Imams
knew that the Ghulaat would not be able to invent traditions without contradicting the
Quran, and that is why they gave us the perfect weapon to detect and filter out their
fabrications. The weapon being the Quran.
nothing from that which existed before me, nor anything from that which will come
after me, remained hidden from me.
وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُرِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ مَلَكُوتَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلِيَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُوقِنِينَ
“And thus did We show Ibrahim the “malakoot” of the heavens and the earth and that he might be of those who are sure.”
So even if Imam Ali (as) had the chance to look into the Malakoot (which is a claim for which there is no solid evidence, but even if it were true), he wouldn’t be the first, as this narrator is claiming.
As for having knowledge of past and future, we have already discussed the issue in detail in our previous posts: