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Part 2: 9 things given to Imam Ali (as)

9 things given to Imam Ali (as)

In part 1 we analyzed the authenticity of this narration based on it Sanad (Chain of narrators). Let us now analyze its Matn (content). This would be a good example to show how the narrations fabricated by exaggerators contradict the Aql and Quran.

Following is the text of the hadith:

أَبِي رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ زَكَرِيَّا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ عَنْ يَزْدَادَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ‏ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع‏ وَ اللَّهِ لَقَدْ أَعْطَانِي اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى تِسْعَةَ أَشْيَاءَ لَمْ يُعْطِهَا أَحَداً قَبْلِي خَلَا النَّبِيَّ ص لَقَدْ فُتِحَتْ لِي السُّبُلُ وَ عُلِّمْتُ الْأَنْسَابَ وَ أَجْرَى لِي‏السَّحَابَ وَ عُلِّمْتُ الْمَنَايَا وَ الْبَلَايَا وَ فَصْلَ الْخِطَابِ وَ لَقَدْ نَظَرْتُ فِي الْمَلَكُوتِ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّي فَمَا غَابَ عَنِّي مَا كَانَ قَبْلِي وَ مَا يَأْتِي بَعْدِي وَ إِنَّ بِوَلَايَتِي أَكْمَلَ اللَّهُ لِهَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ دِينَهُمْ وَ أَتَمَّ عَلَيْهِمُ النِّعَمَ وَ رَضِيَ إِسْلَامَهُمْ إِذْ يَقُولُ يَوْمَ الْوَلَايَةِ لِمُحَمَّدٍ ص يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَخْبِرْهُمْ أَنِّي أَكْمَلْتُ لَهُمُ الْيَوْمَ دِينَهُمْ وَ رَضِيتُ لَهُمُ‏ الْإِسْلامَ دِيناً وَ أَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ نِعْمَتِي كُلُّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ مَنِّ اللَّهِ عَلَيَّ فَلَهُ الْحَمْد

Imam Sadiq (as) said that Ameerul Momineen Ali b. Abi Talib (as) said, “I swear by Allah (swt) that Allah (swt) has granted me nine things which He has not granted to anyone before me other than the Prophet (saww):

1) The paths were opened for me.
2) I was taught the genealogies.
3) The clouds were made to flow/move for me.
4) I know about the deaths and the calamities
5) (I have been granted) decisive speech (Faslul Khitab)
6) And certainly I gaze at the universe with Allah’s Permission, And is not hidden from me what was before Me and what is after me.
7) And through my authority (Wilayat) Allah has perfected the religion of this nation
8) And perfected His Blessings upon them
9) And is satisfied with their religion
As He said on the Day of Wilayat (Ghadeer), ‘O Muhammad! Inform them that today I have perfected their religion and am satisfied with them with Islam as their religion., I have completed my Blessings for them.

All this is from the blessings of Allah (swt) upon Me and all praise is for Him.

[Source: al-Khisal, Sheikh Sadooq, Vol. 2, Chapter. 9, Hadees. 4]
________________
We will comment on the following 6 things that have been mentioned:
(1) The paths were opened up for me.
Comment: Paths of what? This statement is ambiguous and does not convery any clear meaning. Why would the Imam (as) speak in an unclear language? If he (as) wants to inform us of what Allah (swt) has given him, shouldn’t he (as) inform us in clear words so that we understand? 
(2) I was taught/ I knew the genealogies.
Comment: So for all these centuries, no one knew the genealogies?

(3) The clouds were made to flow/move for me.

Comment: Really? So before him, Allah never caused the clouds to move/flow for anyone. According to the Quran, Allah (SWT) causes the winds to move/drive the clouds almost all the time, in order to bring rain to barren lands, for the collective benefit of everyone (i.e. all His creations) on this earth, not just some of them, and definitely not just one or two specific individuals. See: 07: 57; 16:10, 24: 43; 30: 48; 35: 09, etc.
A very clear verse is 2:57 in which Allah (swt) says to Bani Israel
“And We caused the white cloud to overshadow you and sent down on you the manna and the quails, (saying): Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you – they wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves.”
(4) I was taught/given knowledge of the (times of) deaths.
Comment: This contradicts the last verse of Surah Luqmaan, 31:34:
“Surely Allah is He with Whom is the knowledge of the hour, and He sends down the rain and He knows what is in the wombs; and no one knows what he shall earn on the morrow; and no one knows in what land he shall die; surely Allah is Knowing, Aware.
And in Nahjul Balagha sermon 128, Imam Ali (as) refers to this verse with the same understanding:
In this sermon, Imam Ali (as) discloses some events of the future, so one of the companions said to him: O Amir al-mu’minin, you have been given (Ilm al Ghayb) knowledge of hidden things.

Whereupon Amir al-mu’minin laughed and said to the man who belonged to the tribe of Banu Kalb:

O brother of Kalb! This is not knowledge of hidden things (`ilmu’l-ghayb), these matters have been acquired from him (the Prophet) who knew them. As regard knowledge of hidden things, that includes knowledge of the Day of Judgment, and the things covered by Allah in the verse:

“Verily, Allah is He with Whom is the knowledge of the Hour; He sends down the rain, and He knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land it will die..” (Qur’an, 31:34)

Therefore, Allah alone knows what is there in the wombs, whether male or female, ugly or handsome, generous or miserly, mischievous or pious, and who will be the fuel for Hell and who will be in the company of the Prophets in Paradise. This is the knowledge of the hidden things which is not known to anyone save Allah. All else (that we know) is that whose knowledge Allah passed on to His Prophet and he passed it on to me, and prayed for me that my bosom may retain it and my ribs may hold it.
(5) I was taught/given knowledge of the (times of) calamities.
Comment: This contradicts 07:188, because that verse clearly states that if the Prophet (SAWW) had knowledge of Ghayb, no evil (and calamities are evil) would have touched him, because his knowledge of Ghayb would alert him to the timing and location of the calamity or misfortune, and that would enable him to take preventive measures to protect himself from that harm beforehand.
7:188
“Say: I do not control any benefit or harm for my own soul except as Allah please; and had I known the unseen I would have had much of good and no evil would have touched me; I am nothing but a warner and the giver of good news to a people who believe.”
(6) I was taught/given “Faslul Khitaab.”
The inventor of this narration messed up big time over here with this claim. He would have us believe that “Faslul Khitaab”, (which is the ability to be clear and decisive in speech and judgement), was not given to ANYONE before Imam Ali (as) except the Prophet (SAWW).
This is where the narrator really gave himself away because until this point, the
contradictions he made with the Quran are such that if you are a dishonest scholar, you
could try to defend them and justify them, by twisting and turning and playing with
words.
However, this clearly contradicts what Allah Has Informed us in the Quran, as the
Quran clearly states that it (i.e. Faslul Khitaab) was indeed given to a servant of God
who lived a long time before Imam Ali (as).Allah (SWT) Informs us, when speaking of the favors He Bestowed on Prophet Dawood (as).

وَشَدَدْنَا مُلْكَهُ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْحِكْمَةَ وَفَصْلَ الْخِطَابِ

We made his kingdom strong and gave him wisdom and decisive speech (Faslul Khitab).

So Allah (SWT) Clearly Says He Gave “Faslul Khitaab” to Dawood (as), but this
narrator would have us believe that no one was given this quality before Imam Ali
(as), except for the Prophet (SAWW).

So what should we trust? What Allah Tells us in the Quran, or what this narrator is
telling us in this narration.
That’s the thing about the Ghulaat. While they were experts in manufacturing
narrations, they were very poor and weak in Quran. In fact, I doubt if any of them had
even properly or sincerely read the whole Quran from cover to cover, because if they
had, well, they probably wouldn’t be Ghulaat in the first place.
This is why the Imams (as) emphasized that we compare all narrations ascribed to
them against the verses of the Quran, and only accept those which fully agree with the
Quran, and do not contradict it in any way, shape or form. It seems like the Imams
knew that the Ghulaat would not be able to invent traditions without contradicting the
Quran, and that is why they gave us the perfect weapon to detect and filter out their
fabrications. The weapon being the Quran.
(7) And indeed I looked into the “Malakoot” with the permission of my Lord, so
nothing from that which existed before me, nor anything from that which will come
after me, remained hidden from me.
What is clear from the seventh claim is that the narrator wants us to believe that Imam Ali (as) is saying that no one had been given the chance to look into the “Malakoot” before him except the Prophet (SAWW).
This contradicts the Quran, because the Quran mentions that Allah (SWT) Showed Ibraaheem (as) the “Malakoot” of the heavens and the earth, so that he should become among the Mooqineen (See 06: 75).

وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُرِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ مَلَكُوتَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلِيَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُوقِنِينَ

“And thus did We show Ibrahim the “malakoot” of the heavens and the earth and that he might be of those who are sure.”

So even if Imam Ali (as) had the chance to look into the Malakoot (which is a claim for which there is no solid evidence, but even if it were true), he wouldn’t be the first, as this narrator is claiming.

As for having knowledge of past and future, we have already discussed the issue in detail in our previous posts:

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