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1 Analysis of Baab Ardh al Amaal of Al Kafi, Are deeds presented to Prophet and Imams

1 Analysis of Baab Ardh al Amaal of Al Kafi, Are deeds presented to Prophet and Imams

 

Introduction to the concerned chapter

بَابُ عَرْضِ اْلَأعْمَالِ عَلى النَّبِيِّ ص وَ الْأئِمَّةِ ع

Ch- The Deeds of the People Are Presented Before the Holy Prophet (s) and Imams (a)

In this chapter there are 6 narrations. These narrations, in reference to the verse of Quran (9:105) “Act (as you wish). Allah will see your deeds and His Messenger and the believers. . . .”, claim that the deeds of all the people, both good and bad, are presented to the Prophet (saww) and the Imams (as), therefore they are aware of the deeds of all the people.

Out of the 6 narrations, Ayatullah Bahboodi (in Sahih al Kaafi) has not authenticated even one narration out of these six (i.e all the 6 are weak).
Allama al Majlisi (in Miraat al Uqool) has graded hadith 1,2 & 5 as “Daeef” (weak), hadith 3 as “Hasan Muwathaq”, and hadith 4 as” Majhool”.

 

Text of the Narrations :

Hadith 1:

محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن القاسم بن محمد، عن علي بن أبي حمزة، عن أبي بصير، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: تعرض الأعمال على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أعمال العباد كل صباح أبرارها وفجارها فاحذروها، وهو قول الله تعالى: ” اعملوا فسيرى الله عملكم .ورسوله” وسكت

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamza from abu Basir from Abu ‘Abd Allah (Imam Sadiq), who has said the following:

All deeds are presented before the Messenger of Allah (saww). It is the deeds of all the virtuous and the evildoing servants (of Allah) that are presented every morning and evening (before the Messenger of Allah). So pay proper attention to it and be very careful. The following words of Allah are a reference to this: “(Muhammad), tell them, “Act (as you wish). Allah will see your deeds and His Messenger . . .”’ (9:105). The Imam paused at this point and did not read any further.

 

Hadith 2:

عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن النضر بن سويد، عن يحيى الحلبي، عن عبد الحميد الطائي، عن يعقوب بن شعيب قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن .قول الله عز وجل: ” اعملوا فسيرى الله عملكم ورسوله والمؤمنون ” قال: هم الأئمة

A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Yahya al-Halabi from ‘Abd al-Hamid al-Ta’i from Ya‘qub ibn Shu‘ayb who has said the following:

Once I asked Abu ‘Abd Allah (Imam Sadiq) about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, “Act (as you wish). Allah will see your deeds and His Messenger and the believers. . . .” (9:105)

The Imam said, ‘They (believers) are ‘A’immah (Imams)

 

Hadith 3:

علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن عثمان بن عيسى، عن سماعة، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: سمعته يقول: مالكم تسوؤن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله؟! فقال رجل:كيف نسوؤه؟ فقال: أما تعلمون أن أعمالكم تعرض عليه، فإذا رأى فيها معصية ساءه ذلك، .فلا تسوؤا رسول الله وسروه

Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Suma‘ who has said that he heard Abu ‘Abd Allah (Imam Sadiq) say the following:

What is wrong with you? Why do you disappoint the Messenger of Allah (saww)? A man asked, ‘How do we disappoint him?’ The Imam said, ‘Do you not know that your deeds are presented before him? When he finds sins in them it disappoints him. Do not disappoint the Messenger of Allah. Do things that will make him happy.

 

Hadith 4:

علي، عن أبيه، عن القاسم بن محمد، عن الزيات، عن عبد الله بن أبان الزيات وكان مكينا عند الرضا عليه السلام قال: قلت للرضا عليه السلام: ادع الله لي ولأهل بيتي فقال: أو لست أفعل؟ والله إن أعمالكم لتعرض علي في كل يوم وليلة، قال: فاستعظمت ذلك، فقال لي: أما تقرء كتاب الله عز وجل: ” وقل اعملوا فسيرى الله عملكم و رسوله والمؤمنون “؟ قال: هو .والله علي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام

Ali has narrated from his father from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from al-Zayyat from ‘Abd Allah ibn Aban al-Zayyat who enjoyed a good position in the sight of al-Rida, has said the following:

Once I asked Imam al-Ridha to pray for me and for my family. The Imam said, ‘Am I not praying for them? I swear by Allah that your deeds are presented before me every day and night.’ He (al-Zayyat) has said that the statement of the Imam seemed to me extremely great. The Imam said to me, ‘Do you not read in the words of Allah, “Act (as you wish). Allah will see your deeds and His Messenger and the believers . . .” (9:105) The Imam then said, ‘I swear by Allah that he “the believer” is Ali ibn abi Talib.

 

Hadith 5:

أحمد بن مهران، عن محمد بن علي، عن أبي عبد الله الصامت، عن يحيى بن مساور، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام أنه ذكر هذه الآية: ” فسيرى الله عملكم ورسوله و المؤمنون ” قال:هو والله علي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام

Ahmad ibn Mahran has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ali from Abi ‘Abd Allah al-Samit from Yahya ibn Musawwir who has said the following:

Once I mentioned this verse to Abu Ja‘far (Imam Baqir), ‘Act as you wish. Allah will see your deeds and so will His Messenger and the believers . . .’ (9:106) The Imam then said, ‘I swear by Allah that he “the believer” is Ali ibn abu Talib,”

Hadith 6:

عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن الوشاء: قال: سمعت الرضا عليه السلام يقول: إن .الأعمال تعرض على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أبرارها وفجارها

A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ who has said the following:

I heard Imam al-Rida say, ‘All the deeds, good and bad ones, are presented before the Messenger of Allah.’

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